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Estonia dating customs

In 1906, a new building was erected for the society, and Karl Menning became director of the theater company.

Plays by Western writers such as Henrik Ibsen, Gerhart Hauptmann, Russian Maksim Gorky, and Estonians August Kitzberg, Oskar Luts and Eduard Vilde were staged.

Today the palace is used to display foreign art while a new purpose-built museum houses the main branch of the museum, called Kumu.

The culture of Estonia combines an indigenous heritage, represented by the country's Finnic national language Estonian, with Nordic cultural aspects.

The culture of Estonia is considered to be largely influenced by Germanic culture, having grown out of it.

After centuries of the serfdom that the native Estonian population had fallen into since the Livonian Crusade, serfdom was finally abolished in Estonia in 1816.

The first native Estonian musical society, Vanemuine was established in 1865.

Due to its history and geography, Estonia's culture has also influenced by the traditions of the adjacent area's Baltic Finns, Baltic Germans and Slavs, as well as by cultural developments in the former dominant powers, Sweden, Denmark and Russia.

Traditionally, Estonia has been seen as an area of rivalry between western and eastern Europe on many levels.The Art Museum of Estonia is the main national museum of visual arts, and has a large collection of Estonian art on permanent display.It was founded on November 17, 1919, but it was not until 1921 that it got its first permanent building – the Kadriorg Palace, built in the 18th century.Like the mainstream cultures in the other Nordic countries, Estonian culture can be seen to build upon ascetic environmental realities and traditional livelihoods, a heritage of comparatively widespread egalitarianism arising out of practical reasons (see freedom to roam and universal suffrage), and the ideals of closeness to nature and self-sufficiency.Though the written Estonian language could be said to have existed since Jacob Johann Köhler translated the New Testament into Estonian in the 18th century, few notable works of literature were written until the 19th century, which saw the beginning of an Estonian national romantic movement.After Estonia became independent, there was a movement of modernist writers, most famously Jaan Kross.The second World War prompted a repression of national interests.In the 1960s, the story of Prince Gabriel, by Estonian writer Eduard Bornhöhe, was turned into a movie script by Arvo Valton.Grigori Kromanov was named as the director of Viimne reliikvia (The Last Relic), released in 1969 by Tallinnfilm.At the time, it was the largest building in Tallinn. The first full-length feature film was made in 1924, Shadow of the Past directed by Konstantin Märska.Theodor Luts, Noored kotkad (Young Eagles) (1927) is generally regarded as the cornerstone of Estonian cinema.

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